Application Passwords

Description

With Application Passwords you are able to authenticate users without providing their passwords directly. Instead, a unique password is generated for each application without revealing the user’s main password. Application passwords can be revoked for each application individually.

Contribute

Requesting Password for Application

To request a password for your application, redirect users to:

https://example.com/wp-admin/admin.php?page=auth_app

and use the following GET request parameters to specify:

  • app_name (required) – The human readable identifier for your app. This will be the name of the generated application password, so structure it like … «WordPress Mobile App on iPhone 12» for uniqueness between multiple versions. If omitted, the user will be required to provide an application name.

  • success_url (recommended) – The URL that you’d like the user to be sent to if they approve the connection. Two GET variables will be appended when they are passed back — user_login and password — these credentials can then be used for API calls. If the success_url variable is omitted, a password will be generated and displayed to the user, to manually enter into your application.

  • reject_url (optional) – If included, the user will get sent there if they reject the connection. If omitted, the user will be sent to the success_url, with ?success=false appended to the end. If the success_url is omitted, the user will be sent to their dashboard.

Creating Application Password Manually

  1. Go the User Profile page of the user that you want to generate a new application password for. To do so, click Users on the left side of the WordPress admin, then click on the user that you want to manage.
  2. Scroll down until you see the Application Passwords section. This is typically at the bottom of the page.
  3. Within the input field, type in a name for your new application password, then click Add New.
    Note: The application password name is only used to describe your password for easy management later. It will not affect your password in any way. Be descriptive, as it will lead to easier management if you ever need to change it later.
  4. Once the Add New button is clicked, your new application password will appear. Be sure to keep this somewhere safe, as it will not be displayed to you again. If you lose this password, it cannot be obtained again.

Testing an Application Password

WordPress REST API

This test uses the technologies listed below, but you can use any REST API request.

  • WordPress REST API
  • cURL
  • Mac OSX or Linux
  • A Mac or Linux terminal
  • Local development environment (e.g. MAMP, XAMPP, DesktopServer, Vagrant) running on localhost

Make a REST API call using the terminal window to update a post. Because you are performing a POST request, you will need to authorize the request using your newly created base64 encoded access token. If authorized correctly, you will see the post title update to «New Title.»

curl --user "USERNAME:APPLICATION_PASSWORD" -X POST -d "title=New Title" http://LOCALHOST/wp-json/wp/v2/posts/POST_ID

When running this command, be sure to replace USERNAME and APPLICATION_PASSWORD with your credentials (curl takes care of base64 encoding and setting the Authorization header), LOCALHOST with the location of your local WordPress installation, and POST_ID with the ID of the post that you want to edit.

XML-RPC

This test uses the technologies listed below, but you can use any XML-RPC request.

  • XML-RPC enabled within WordPress
  • cURL
  • Mac OSX or Linux
  • A Mac or Linux terminal
  • Local development environment (e.g. MAMP, DesktopServer, Vagrant) running on localhost

Once you have created a new application password, it’s time to send a request to test it. Unlike the WordPress REST API, XML-RPC does not require your username and password to be base64 encoded. To begin the process, open a terminal window and enter the following:

curl -H 'Content-Type: text/xml' -d '<methodCall><methodName>wp.getUsers</methodName><params><param><value>1</value></param><param><value>USERNAME</value></param><param><value>PASSWORD</value></param></params></methodCall>' LOCALHOST

In the above example, replace USERNAME with your username, and PASSWORD with your new application password. This should output a response containing all users on your site.

Plugin History

This is a feature plugin that is a spinoff of the main Two-Factor Authentication plugin.

Screenshots

  • New application passwords has been created.
  • After at least one Application Password for you account exists, you'll see a table displaying them, allowing you to view usage and revoke them as desired.

Installation

Search for «Application Passwords» under «Plugins» → «Add New» in your WordPress dashboard to install the plugin.

Or install it manually:

  1. Download the plugin zip file.
  2. Go to PluginsAdd New in your WordPress admin.
  3. Click on the Upload Plugin button.
  4. Select the file you downloaded.
  5. Click Install Plugin.
  6. Activate.

Using Composer

Add this plugin as a Composer dependency from Packagist:

composer require georgestephanis/application-passwords

Reviews

septiembre 21, 2018
This is freakin awesome. I'm using it as a dependency in a new plugin I'm making. I finally got it working, and it seems easier to use than OAuth. All these millions of WordPress sites are going to start getting connected together in new ways. This is a great first step.
marzo 25, 2018
It is very convenient to generate & revoke passwords from within the user profile page... thanks to the dev!
enero 17, 2018
working mode is okay, but hoping for the best version
Read all 18 reviews

Contributors & Developers

“Application Passwords” is open source software. The following people have contributed to this plugin.

Contributors

Changelog

See the release notes on GitHub.